Already considered the most popular beverage on Earth, the worldwide consumption rate of tea has expanded by 3% over the past year and continues to rise. More than four billion cups of tea are brewed and consumed across ethnicities, ages, social classes and nationalities. So, who is responsible for supplying this beloved magical elixir?
China is unquestionably the biggest producer of tea on the planet, producing approximately 1,700,000 tons in 2013, roughly 35% of the aggregate sum delivered on the planet that year. The recorded history consumption of tea in China backtracks to ancient China when tea was initially utilized as a pharmaceutical. Over the millennia, tea became a popular drink utilized for its health benefits and its enjoyable taste. Today China produces a large variety of tea ranging from green, white, Pu-erh, the wide known black tea and lesser known yellow teas. Moreover, Chinese tea production has expanded to teas that originated in other countries like Sencha, which began in Japan.
India is an integral part of tea production industry. The tea plant is indigenous to northern and eastern parts of India. Since time immemorial, tea was grown and consumed in India on a small scale. During the colonization of India by the British, tea production increased exponentially as a part of the opium spice trade between Britain, China and India. Although large amounts of the tea produced in India is consumed locally, due to its large population, India still manages to be one of the largest exporter of teas globally. The regions most notable for tea production are Darjeeling and Assam, despite the fact that Nilgiri and Sikkim likewise produce remarkable teas. The Darjeeling region has broadened into green, oolong, and white teas more than the other locations in India.
Kenya is the fourth-biggest producer of tea around the world and competes as one of the top three exporters. In recent years, Kenya has advanced tea innovations and single artisan tea. Tea is central to the Kenyan economy and in most parts of the country its grown in small farms less an acre or even less. To maintain relevance in the tea production industry, Kenya has shifted its focus to innovations research and development in the industry. They’ve become leaders in growing new varieties that grow more abundantly, and those that can withstand the climate conditions, as well as single-origin artisan teas. Much of Kenya's atmosphere is excessively dry, making it impossible to grow tea, leaving only its mountainous regions for tea production. The vast majority of the tea produced in Kenya is black tea utilized in mixes. Recently, Kenya has excited the tea industry with green and white teas; including novel styles of tea like white matcha. Also, Kenya is developing new varietals of the tea plant, including purple tea, a tea plant rich in purple-shaded anthocyanins, the same colors in blueberries.
Sri Lankan Teas
Sri Lanka is the third-biggest producer of tea on the planet, after India and China, and competes as one of the top three exporters with China, India, and Kenya. Sri Lanka lies on the northern side of the equator's tropics: the temperatures are comparative year-round, just marginally hotter in summer. Rainfall in Sri Lanka is firmly regular, as opposed to the tea-growing regions of India, which have a storm season in the mid-year. These stark differences create the distinctive qualities of teas grown in this nation. Unfortunately, quite a bit of this variety goes overlooked, as tea exported from Sri Lanka is used as mixes tea from other countries. Sri Lanka is best known for Ceylon black tea. Ceylon green and white teas are better known among Middle East tea drinkers than by tea drinkers inWestern nations.
South African Teas
Although South Africa is not a top producer or exporter of Camellia Sinensis, it is a vital district for the generation of two increasing popular red teas: rooibos and honey bush. Both plants are local to and grown only in the Western Cape region of South Africa. Naturally caffeine free and sweet, red teas are actually tisanes or herbal infusions. Already commonplace in Japan, Germany, the Czech Republic, Holland, and England; red tea is rising in the US as a fan favorite.